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Climate change impact on India

Changes in average temperature, rainfall patterns and monsoon timings will affect India's entire environment, especially the nation's water resources, sea levels, and water diversity, impacting a wide range of sectors, particularly agriculture.

People in India, especially the poorest, are very vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, mainly because the nation's economy is so closely tied natural resources. For example, more than 56% of workers are engaged in agriculture and allied sectors, while many others earn their living in coastal areas through tourism or fishing. Most of India's poorest people live in rural areas, almost totally reliant on natural resources for their food, shelter and incomes. They are already experiencing the impact of climate change, with few resources to cope.

There are many climate - related problems that people in India are already facing, such as diminishing water resources and frequent natural disasters. Climate change will aggravate these problems.

Climate change means increased hardship for India's poorest women. As women are often responsible for providing daily essentials such as food and water, when climate related disasters strike the poorest families, the workload of women and girls increases and they tend to miss out on opportunities. Studies have shown that Indian women born during a drought or a flood in the 1970's were 19% less likely to ever attend primary school. As climate change intensifies India's poorest women and girls are at risk of losing opportunities to participate equally in development. At the same time, many poor women are involved in "climate sensitive" activities such as paddy cultivation or fishing. Climate change will affect their livelihoods.