As a global player, Tata Steel through the years has undertaken various measures towards conserving biodiversity through reclamation and afforestation of land. The Company focuses on environmental management not only to comply with the applicable regulatory regime but also strives to contribute positively to the communities around its operations through varied community initiatives, encouraging biodiversity and nature conservation.

Besides actions to comply with statutory requirements, Tata Steel pursues voluntary initiatives to assess and mitigate potential impacts of mining on sensitive ecosystems. An engagement with IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature, a Quasi-Governmental International Organisation) is under consideration to explore the possibility of working on biodiversity in collaboration with IUCN.

Increasing the green cover:

  • The Company has established a separate Environment Department inside the Works to constantly monitor the air and water pollution and take remedial measures accordingly. It established a separate section in the works to carry out plantation works on the unused areas in the works, create lawns and gardens, to carry out road side avenues, also to save the undisturbed pockets of natural habitats.
  • A total area of 165.4 hectares within the lease area at Noamundi has already been covered with plantation under its Reclamation and Rehabilitation plan.
  • Sir Dorabji Tata Botanical Park at Noamundi, established in a mined out land, is a model for mined out land reclamation.
  • At Katamati, fencing and plantation work over a 7.5 m wide area around the mining lease is in progress. 1300 trees have been planted in the safety zone, which is inside the leasehold area of Katamati.
  • Tata Steel has been using technologically advanced processes to minimize biodiversity impacts. Digital processing of the entire lease area under the Noamundi Iron Ore Mines using high-resolution satellite imagery was completed during 2012.

Conservation and protection of flora and fauna:

  • The Company's afforestation activities, botanical parks at mining locations and the Tata Steel Zoological Park at Jamshedpur aim to protect and restore the natural habitat of local species, including butterflies and local species of plants and fruit trees.
  • At Noamundi, 45 acres of mined-out area has been converted to bio-diversified zone, which includes Sir Dorabji Tata Botanical Park, in which a Butterfly Park was added in 2009. The parks supports the development of herbal and medicinal plants, provide saplings for afforestation activities and have resuscitated species such as Basak, Sarpagandha, Satavari and Safed Musli, Chitrak, etc.
  • The vast and verdant Sir Dorabji Tata Park at Jharia, once a goaf or mined out area, has been reclaimed by developing a park and growing local varieties of fruit trees. Entire hills have also been reclaimed at the West Bokaro collieries.
  • Demonstration Plantation Plots have been developed as per the guidelines of the Ministry of Environment & Forests at the Chromite Mines at Sukinda.
  • The Rare Plant Park at Tata Steel’s Noamundi mining area is the only park of its kind in the state. Spread over an area of 1,720 square metres it helps create awareness on rare plant species and the need to conserve biodiversity.

The green belts created by Tata Steel around its mines fulfill the following purposes:

  • Prevent the spread of fugitive dust generated due to mining and allied activities
  • Attenuate noise generated by the mine
  • Reduce soil erosion
  • Help to stabilise the slope of external soil and over-burden dumps
  • Increase green cover and improve aesthetics
  • Accelerate recolonisation of the area